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12- Is there a risk association between vasectomy and cancer? Do vasectomy long term effects include prostate cancer and testicular cancer?

Given that it's estimated 1 in 6 men over age 35 in the United States has had a vasectomy, a question has more commonly arises regarding whether cancer risks increase after a vasectomy. In particular, testicular cancer and prostate cancer are a concern. Information for this question is sourced from the Cancer.gov (Cancer Institute website).

Testicular Cancer Risk: The risk association between cancer and vasectomy, with respect to testicular cancer, at this time, is believed to be weak or not at all; although, more research is needed before definitive conclusions can be reached.

Prostate Cancer Risk: Though researchers continue to investigate the possible relationship between vasectomy and cancer, with respect to prostate cancer, the majority of studies conducted thus far have upheld the conclusions made by the August 1998 publication by the Progress Review Group (PRG) which is a committee of the National Cancer Institute (NCI). It found that research was inconsistent; that even if having a vasectomy can increase a man's risk of developing prostate cancer, the increase in risk is relatively small.

More About Prostate Cancer
Cancer of the prostate is the most common cancer in American men and the second leading cause of cancer death in American men, after lung cancer. Prostate cancer is an uncontrollable growth of a tumor that originates from the prostate gland. This tumor can metastasize from the prostate to other parts of the body. An interesting idea brought forward in one article, states that men with vasectomies performed by a urologist, have more contact with their urologist than average and are more likely to get PSA testing at the appropriate age. By this logic, a man with a vasectomy has an increased their chance of detecting prostate cancer simply because he will more likely get tested for it.

More About Testicular Cancer
Approximately 1 percent of all cancers in American men are testicular cancer, which is much less common than prostate cancer. This type of cancer is most often found in men ages 15 to 35.

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